Interventional cardiology is a special branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. An interventional cardiologist is the one who have an extra experience of one to two years of additional education and training in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease as well as congenital and structural heart conditions through catheter-based procedures, such as angioplasty and stenting
A large number of procedures are been performed on the heart by catheterization method. This most commonly & widely used techniques involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery and in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization which would be most commonly fluoroscopy. The radial artery is technique which may also be used for cannulation
1. Invasive Cardiology
2. Non-Invasive Cardiology
Interventional cardiology treats many conditions like:
Coronary artery disease: It occurs due to a narrowing of the arteries which supply the heart muscle with blood and oxygen.
Heart valve disease: It occurs when the valves which control blood flow into the heart’s chambers are not working correctly.
Peripheral vascular disease: Heart can also be affected by other veins and arteries which are in other parts of your body & causes clogged or hardened veins and arteries which are in other parts of your body.
An interventional cardiologist is the one who have experience in one to two years of additional education and training in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease