It deals with the structures surrounding and supporting the teeth. The supporting tissues are known as the periodontium includes gingiva, alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament.
Periodontists specializes in the prevention and diagnosis, treatment of periodontal diseases. Periodontists treats from mild gingivitis to severe Periodontitis and the treatment such as scaling and cleaning the infected root, remove the damaged tissue.
The main cause for the periodontal disease is plague.
Improper oral hygiene
Poor nutrition and obesity, genetics
Smoking/ Tobacco use.